PG Pediatrics

All you need to know about Post-graduation in Pediatrics

All you need to know about Post-graduation in Pediatrics

June 21, 2022

Pediatrics is the field of medicine dedicated to treating infants, children, and teenagers. In addition to being a distinct specialty, pediatrics is a collaborative one that incorporates other specialties. By 2030, pediatrics aims to lower infant mortality rates, stop the spread of infectious diseases, and help adolescents with their mental health, and physical capabilities. PG Pediatrics in Post-graduation specifically aims to prepare candidates to handle a variety of pediatric diseases and provide comprehensive care to children with long-term follow-up of chronic cases. It aims to educate students in medicine and paramedicine to ensure holistic understanding that includes both theoretical and practical knowledge.

The duration of Post-graduation in Pediatrics is 3 years, which may be increased or decreased as per the policies of various institutions. To ensure the students’ complete development of both academic and practical abilities, PG in Pediatrics provides sufficient expertise in offering dietary advice to new parents regarding breastfeeding and a healthy diet for children and adolescents. Additionally, it offers training in pediatrics and neonatology to make qualified experts capable of offering fundamental and specialised treatment to newborns, infants, children, and teenagers.

PG Pediatrics focuses on:

  • The crucial relevance of children’s health in the context of the nation’s top health priority.
  • The degree programme offers solid foundations for the additional research study.
  • The significance of growth and development in the field of pediatrics and working with each child to attain his or her full potential in this regard.
  • Carrying out pertinent investigative and therapeutic procedures on the patients.
  • Nutritional guidance on nursing, weaning, and a balanced diet for newborns, infants, kids, and teenagers.
  • Conducting pertinent research for diagnostic and prognostic evaluation while taking into account the costs, advantages, and risks involved.
  • Analysing information gleaned through anthropometric measurements and developmental evaluations, as well as assessing nutritional status and deciding whether the child is receiving enough food.
  • Offering sound advice on healthy and hygienic activities in order to prevent illnesses, disorders, injuries, accidents, and poisoning.

DigiNerve’s Pediatrics MD by Prof. Piyush Gupta

Pediatrics MD is a remarkable course designed by the Chief Editor- Prof. Piyush Gupta, renowned for his best-selling “PG Textbook of Pediatrics”. India’s top 100 faculty have enriched this online pediatrics course with over 500 years of combined experience and knowledge, making it unique in its field.

All the topics have been carefully chosen to address postgraduate students’ pain areas, for which they struggle to find adequate information. In order to meet all of the learning needs of the students while they pursue their master’s in pediatrics, the course promotes concept-based and approach-based learning. Benchmark/evidence-based studies have been used to support the principles. The cases have been thoroughly explored, with a focus on the clinical findings and a thorough workup on how to get the correct diagnosis. To refresh students’ memories, discussions about investigations such as ECGs, echocardiography, and other reports have also been had. The lectures include a live demonstration of systemic examination as well.

One of the PG exam’s most commonly asked topics is Neurology. As a result, this specialty has taken up around 20% of the course, and the professors have used an organised method to make the concepts easier for the students. The most recent society guidelines have been incorporated into each topic, making this Pediatrics MD Course one of the best online pediatrics postgraduate courses. Due to the significance of research in the PG curriculum, a complete module has been devoted to providing students with step-by-step instructions on how to do research. For the students’ convenience, while conducting their ward rounds, an interactive drug formulary has been included in the course. This covers all the important medications and includes pertinent dosages, contraindications, and common brand names. The course includes engagement activities including monthly Chat Shows, Journal Club, and recent updates.


Table of Content – Pediatrics MD by Prof. Piyush Gupta


Indicators of Child Health and Vital Statistics

Resources for Learning in Pediatrics


Assessment of Nutritional Status

Nutritional Status of Children and National Programs in India

Micronutrient Supplementation: Key Issues

Infant and Young Child Feeding

JUNCS Guidelines & Way Forward

Severe Acute Malnutrition

Infectious Diseases

Immunization Dialogue

Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Infections

Principles of Antibiotic Therapy

Antimicrobial Resistance

Resistant Bacterial Infections



Anti-Viral Therapy

Helminthiasis: Current Perspectives


Assessment of Gestational Age

Neonatal Reflexes

Neonatal Resuscitation

X-ray and ECG in Neonates​

Neonatal Jaundice

Comprehensive New-Born Screening for Birth Defects

HIE, IVH and White Matter Injury

Follow-up of High-risk Newborn​

Critical Care


Fluid and Electrolytes


Cardiopulmonary Resucitation

Oxygen Therapy and Ventilation

Genetics and Metabolic Disorders

Approach to Diagnosis of Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Approach to Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders

Chromosomal Disorders

Newborn Screening in India

Approach to Skeletal Dysplasia


Examination of abdomen

Approach to a Child with Hepatosplenomegaly

Approach to a Child with Jaundice

Interpretation of Liver Function Tests with Case Scenarios​

Persistent Diarrhea

Approach to Chronic Liver Disease

Portal Hypertension and Ascites

Upper GI Bleed: Diagnosis & Management

Approach to A Child with Constipation

Approach to a Child with Malabsorption


Growth and Growth Charts

Approach to Short Stature

Congenital Hypothyroidism

Diabetes Type 1

Approach to Pubertal Disorders

Disorders of Sex Development: A Practical Approach


Approach to a Child with Anemia

Hemolytic Anemia: Thalassemia

Nutritional Anemia

Bleeding Disorders in Pediatric Practice

Approach to Coagulation Disorders


Examination of Cardiovascular System in Children

Basic ECG and Arrhythmias in Children

Approach to a Child with Congenital Heart Disease

Left-to-Right Shunts

Approach to Cyanotic Heart Diseases

Cyanotic Heart Disease (Fallot Physiology)

Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease

Cardiomyopathies and Congestive Heart Failure

Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension​


Urinary Tract Infections

Proteinuria & Nephrotic Syndrome in Children

Approach to Hematuria and Acute Nephritic Syndrome​

Renal Tubular Disorders

Acute Kidney Injury

Chronic Kidney Disease

Hypertension in Children

Respiratory System

Examination of Respiratory System

Bronchial Asthma

Pneumonia: Differential Diagnosis and Management

Pleural Effusion: A Case-based Discussion


Clinical Neuroanatomy

Higher Mental Function Assessment ​

Cranial Nerve Examination

Demonstration of Motor System in Children

Examination of Sensory System, Cerebellar and Meningeal Signs

Case-based Understanding of Localization in Neurology

How to summarize and Present a Neurological Case​

Bare Basics of Interpreting Neuroimaging

Understanding the Basics of EEG

Principles of Developmental Evaluation

Developmental Assessment First 6 Months of Life

Developmental Examination (6 months–2 years)

Developmental Examination (2-5 years)

Case Scenarios in Developmental Deviations​

How to Present a Case of Cerebral Palsy ​

Case Presentation of TBM

Case Presentation of DMD

Case Based Discussion of Seizure and Epilepsy in Children

Common Case Scenarios Presenting with Epilepsy in Children

Movement Disorders: Phenotypic/Clinical Spectrum ​

Case Based Approach to Hydrocephalus and Neural Tube Defects

Pediatric Stroke: Challenges in Diagnoses and Management

Approach to Floppy Infant

Rheumatic Disorders

Approach to a Child with Rheumatic Disorder & pGALS Exam

Rational Diagnostics for Rheumatic Disorders

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Mimics

Childhood-onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (cSLE)

Approach to Pediatric Vasculitis ​

Macrophage Activation Syndrome

Principles of Management of Pediatric Rheumatological Disorders​

Approach to Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases​

Research in Pediatrics

Study Designs

Steps of Conducting Research the ABC (RQ, Aim, Objectives)

Principles of Statistical Analysis

Sample Size Estimation

Drug Formulary


Best Way to enhance knowledge during PG in Pediatrics

Learning in PG programmes should primarily come from clinical and academic work and be self-directed. The formal sessions are merely meant to supplement this core effort. Following are some of the ways you can study effectively during post-graduation:

  1. Attend seminars or interdepartmental cases, participate in reputable scientific gatherings (CME, symposia, and conferences), and attend webinars by eminent faculty like Prof. Piyush Gupta.
  2. Focus on practice-related resuscitation, basic sciences, biostatistics, research methodology, teaching technique, hospital waste management, health economics, and medical ethics.
  3. Postgraduate students must take part in the training and instruction of interns and undergraduate students which will also brush up their knowledge of undergraduate studies.
  4. Postgraduate students should keep a log book during the training time that details the length of their posts and work in pediatric wards, outpatient departments, and casualties. This should list the operations and classes they attended. This will assist them in keeping track of the training-related activities and can be used to evaluate the experience gained periodically.
  5. Students must visit all of the department’s clinical units during their rotation including neonatology, perinatology, intensive care, and emergencies.
  6. Students should go through evidence-based video lectures and benchmark clinical trials. These can be accessed easily with DigiNerve’s Pediatrics MD course by Prof. Piyush Gupta, author of the renowned ‘PG Textbook of Pediatrics’.


Career Options after Pediatrics MD:

Pediatricians are required to operate in a variety of settings including long-term community care for children and adolescents, and general pediatric facilities to treat a variety of diseases and health concerns related to children. After postgraduation in pediatrics, one can opt for the following career paths:

  1. Neonatologists: Medical professionals with specialised training in managing complex, high-risk health problems in babies and young children.
  2. Cardiologists: They specialise in treating children’s heart issues, such as congenital heart disease and irregular heart rhythms.
  3. Critical Care Pediatricians or Pediatric Intensivists: They specialise in critical care and have extensive training in diagnosing and treating children with life-threatening diseases.
  4. Pediatric Endocrinologists: They diagnose and treat hormonal abnormalities in children including developmental issues, early or delayed puberty, thyroid disorders, and others.
  5. Gastroenterology Pediatricians: They identify and manage major issues including gastrointestinal haemorrhage, inflammatory bowel disease, lactose intolerance, liver disease, vomiting, pancreatic insufficiency, and others.
  6. Pediatric Hematologists and Oncologists: They treat children suffering from leukemia, lymphomas, brain tumours, bone tumours, and solid tumours.
  7. Neonatal Pediatricians: Although all pediatricians are trained to care for newborns who have just been born, neonatal pediatricians are particularly skilled in caring for infants who are born prematurely or with serious injuries, illnesses, or birth defects. Additionally, they can identify issues with the infant while still in the womb so that they can consult an obstetrician for treatment.
  8. Child Nephrologists: They treat kids with bladder, urinary tract, and kidney issues. Additionally, congenital and acquired renal issues are identified in them.
  9. Pediatric Allergists: They diagnose allergic reactions caused by food, air, or water that could cause asthma, a rash, or life-threatening anaphylaxis.
  10. Pediatric Anesthesiologists: Special medical skills are required for procedures like surgery. They are qualified to assure the safety of a child undergoing surgery if they are dealing with a condition that calls for it.
  11. Pediatric Developmentalists: They are equipped with skills to evaluate, counsel, and provide treatment for children during their early age and adolescence; if they have physical defects like muscular dystrophy, or if they have Attention Deficit Hypersensitivity Disorder (ADHD) and other behavioural and developmental issues.
  12. Pediatric Dermatologists: They are the pediatricians who are experts in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of skin diseases in children.
  13. Pediatric Urologists: They attend to children with urinary tract infections, disorders of urination like urinary retention, urinary incontinence, and others.



Q1. Is MD Pediatrics a good career?

Ans. Graduates in MD Pediatrics can find employment in both the public and private sectors in India, according to their interests, abilities, and preferred field of work.

Q2. How long is MD in Pediatrics?

Ans. MD in Pediatrics is a 3-year long postgraduate program in the medical field.

Q3. Which is the best book for Paediatrics MD?

Ans.  PG Textbook of Pediatrics by Prof. Piyush Gupta is the most renowned Pediatrics textbook in post-graduation.

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