OBGYN MD

The Ultimate Guide to OBGYN MD

June 24, 2022
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The 3-year MD Obstetrics & Gynecology programme focuses on the comprehensive clinical pathology of the female reproductive organs and care of both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. At the end of the first semester in the MD Obstetrics & Gynecology, students are evaluated as a unit on what they choose to do from among the available courses. As a result, an analytical topic is selected based on the student’s interests. The program’s methods for delivering instruction include conversations, presentations, in-class performances, assignments, attendance, and seminars.

The area of medicine known as obstetrics deals with the treatment of pregnant women before, during, and after childbirth. The basic goal of obstetrics is to protect and preserve a woman’s general health throughout her pregnancy. This includes pregnancy, labour, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians can assist with labour and delivery, and do surgery. Some operate a solo or private practice where they offer their services while others provide services in a bigger healthcare facility or medical group.

On the other hand, the area of medicine dedicated to the bodies and reproductive health of women is known as gynecology. It covers reproductive system diagnosis, care, and therapy for women. This includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and vagina. In this area of medicine, problems with women’s breasts are also screened for and treated. Gynecology deals with women’s health through puberty and adulthood. It represents most of the reproductive care a patient receives during their lifetime.

Best Way to Study OBGYN MD

  • Postgraduate students should attend lectures, seminars, symposia, departmental meetings as well as journal clubs, and interdepartmental meetings.
  • They must focus on presenting their theses under ethical approval, sound clinical practice standards and acceptable research methodologies.
  • In addition to brushing up on their knowledge of undergraduate studies, postgraduate students should participate in the training and instruction of interns and undergraduate students.
  • They should take part in chat shows like those provided by DigiNerve’s OBGYN MD course and other forms of interactions with distinguished faculty across the country.
  • They must get familiar with the latest society guidelines, benchmark trials, and recent advancements in PCOS, Robotic Surgery, etc. These can be accessed easily with DigiNerve’s OBGYN MD course by Dr. Aswath Kumar.
  • Students should emphasize self-learning, group discussions, and case presentations.
  • They should concentrate on taking correct notes, performing a clinical examination, recommending or ordering pertinent tests, deciphering the results, and implementing medical/surgical management in the specialty clinics, OPD, wards, labour room, and operating rooms.
  • They must take down clinical notes regularly while maintaining records.
  • Students should attend dummy/model demonstrations with utmost attention and dedication before performing on real patients later.
  • They should attend CMEs and conferences where they can present papers.
  • Postgraduate students should keep a log book during the training time that details the length of their rotations and work in wards, outpatient departments, and casualties. This should list the operations and classes they attended. They can use this to periodically assess the experience they have obtained and keep track of training-related activities.
  • Students must visit the department’s clinical units during rotations including anesthesiology, neonatology, and radiology/radiotherapy. In Obstetrics & Gynecology, NST, and Partogram, students should be competent to perform and interpret ultrasonography.

DigiNerve’s OBGYN MD course by Dr. Aswath Kumar Raghu

The course is designed by the chief editor Dr. Aswath Kumar along with 98 eminent faculty. Students will benefit greatly from their accumulated knowledge of more than 500 years as they learn ideas in depth. The course covers crucial obstetrics and gynecology concepts as well as case discussions on regular and uncommon cases. The students’ practical application of concepts will be enhanced through lectures on the management of labour, abnormal labour, abnormal presentations, and medical abnormalities in pregnancy. These lectures will also give the students a road map for how to treat these conditions successfully.

In order to help PG students prepare for their university examinations, the OBGYN MD course has been created based on the question papers from the country’s numerous universities during the previous 20 years. For students looking for a master’s in gynecology or master’s in obstetrics, this course is among the best postgraduate OBGYN courses available. To meet all of the students’ learning needs, it promotes concept-based and approach-based learning. Along with case discussions on often seen as well as uncommon instances in clinical practice, it covers significant obstetrics and gynecology issues. All of the course’s topics have been carefully chosen with consideration for the postgraduate students who struggle to obtain information on them as well as frequently asked questions.

The PG students studying gynecology and obstetrics have presented their cases as part of an open discussion with the relevant professors in the course. There is a focus on getting the right clinical findings and taking the case and history in the right way. The discussion between the faculty and students has been done in a way that would assist the viewers in approaching a case with the proper differential diagnosis and developing a strategy for correct diagnosis. To familiarise the students with contemporary developments in the field, the course contains current evidence-based guidelines for the management of a variety of conditions.

The display of minimally invasive surgeries like hysteroscopy and diagnostic/operative laparoscopy has its own area. This will give students’ learning a practical orientation. They will be thrilled with the lecture on Robotic laparoscopic surgery focusing on its relevance, application, and implications in the field of obstetrics and gynecology and how it is a boon from a future perspective. The concepts will take on a whole new dimension, thanks to the in-video display of the various surgeries being carried out.

The students’ practical application of concepts will be enhanced through lectures on the management of labour, abnormal labour, abnormal presentations, and medical abnormalities in pregnancy. These lectures will also give the students a road map for how to treat these conditions successfully. The crucial diagnostic techniques and procedures, such as the use of ultrasound in gynecology and prenatal examination, have been described in detail. A complete drug chart has been supplied for rapid reference by the students with a special focus on medications, doses, and their indications/contraindications in pregnancy and labour. To help students gain a complete understanding of each topic and to prepare them for exams, the lectures are profusely illustrated with clinical and radiological pictures, as well as flowcharts, tables, and boxes, when applicable.

Table of Content – OBGYN MD by Dr. Aswath Kumar Raghu

GYNECOLOGY LECTURE

Gynecological Anatomy

Development of Female Genital System

Anatomy of Female Genital System

Course of Pelvic Ureter, Anatomical Sites Susceptible to Injury

Pelvic Floor

Internal Iliac Artery

Lymphatic Drainage of Genital Tract

Menstrual Physiology

Physiology of Menstrual Cycle – Part I

Physiology of Menstrual Cycle – Part II

Gynecological Surgery

Thromboembolism Prevention in Gynecological Surgery

Developmental Anomalies of the Genital Tract

Developmental Anomalies of Female Genital Tract – Part I

Developmental Anomalies of Female Genital Tract – Part II

Menstrual Abnormalities

Cryptomenorrhea

Turners Syndrome

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

Physiology of Menopause and Menopause Hormonal Therapy

Dysmenorrhea

Premenstrual Syndrome

Postmenopausal Bleeding

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Endometrial Hyperplasia

Hormonal Abnormalities in Gynecology

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Hirsutism

Adrenal Steroidogenesis and Clinical Implications

Ovarian Pathology

Ovarian Torsion

Benign Ovarian Tumors

Borderline Ovarian Tumors

Uterine Abnormalities

Endometriosis- Management of Infertility and Pain

Fibroid uterus- I

Fibroid uterus – II

Treatment of Fibroid Uterus

Reproductive Medicine

Step by Step Approach To Male Infertility

Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Recent Updates in PCOS

Physiology of Ovulation

Ovulation Induction – I

Ovulation Induction – II

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome

Pathology/Infection of the Female External Genitalia

Trichomonas Vaginitis

Bacterial Vaginosis

Vulvo-Vaginal Candidiasis

Pathologies of the Female External Genitalia

Non Neoplastic Lesions of Vulva

Pelvic Infection

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pediatric Gynecology

Puberty and Precocious Puberty

Urinary Tract Abnormalities/Infections

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

Overactive Bladder

Urodynamic Study

Genital Fistula -VVF and RVF

Malignancy of the Genital Tract

Premalignant Lesion of Cervix

HPV Vaccination: Cornerstone of Cervical Cancer Elimination in India

Fallopian Tube Carcinoma

Carcinoma Vagina

Carcinoma Vulva

Cancer Cervix Management

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy Complications

Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Robotic Surgery – Hype or Hope

Pregnancy Prevention

Updates on Contraception

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

Septic Abortions

Miscellaneous Topics of Gynecology

Radiation Therapy in the Management of Gynecological Malignancies

USG in Gynecology

OBSTETRICS LECTURE

Obstetric Anatomy, Physiology, and Embryology

Maternal Pelvis and Fetal Skull

Physiology of Lactation

Ovarian Steroidogenesis

Fetal Circulation

Antenatal Assessment

Antepartum Fetal Surveillance

Doppler in FGR

First Trimester USS

Second Trimester Ultrasound

Invasive and Non-Invasive Prenatal Diagnosis

Non Invasive Prenatal Testing

Chorionic Villus Sampling

Amniocentesis

Screening of Down Syndrome

Preconceptional Counseling

Complications of Pregnancy

Preterm Labor Prevention, Diagnosis and Management

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease and Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Abortions

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss – Practical approach

Management of Twin Pregnancy

Monochorionic Twins Surveillance, Complications, Management

Abruptio Placentae

Placenta Previa

Placenta Accreta Spectrum

Vasa Previa

Prediction and Management of Intra Uterine Fetal Growth Restrictions

HELLP Syndrome

Antihypertensives in Preeclampsia

Cervical Incompetence

Post Term Pregnancy

Abnormal Presentation

Malpresentations Breech Presentation

Transverse Lie

Face and Brow Presentation

Occipito Posterior Position

Deep Transverse Arrest

Medical Disorders in Pregnancy

SLE in Pregnancy

Liver Disorders in Pregnancy – Part I

Liver Disorders in Pregnancy – Part II

Thyroid Disorders in Pregnancy

Epilepsy in Pregnancy

Heart Disease in Pregnancy

Urinary Tract Infection in Pregnancy

Varicella in Pregnancy

Malaria in Pregnancy

TORCH Infection in Pregnancy

HIV in Pregnancy

Sepsis in Pregnancy: an Overview to Diagnosis and Management

COVID Complicating Pregnancy

Labor (Normal and Abnormal)

Mechanism of Labor

Induction of Labor

Premature Rupture of Membrane

External Cephalic Version

Monitoring during Labor

Partogram

Intrapartum Fetal Surveillance

Operative Delivery

Instrumental Deliveries – Dying art

Third Stage of Labor and its Complications

Retained Placenta

Postpartum Hemorrhage

Puerperium and its Complications

Normal Puerperium

Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative

Pulmonary Edema in Pregnancy

Thromboembolism in Pregnancy

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Psychiatric Disorders in Pregnancy

Obstetric Emergencies

Shoulder Dystocia

Cord Prolapse

Obstructed Labor

DIC in Pregnancy

Obstetric Hysterectomy

Rupture Uterus

Amniotic Fluid Embolism

Safe Motherhood/Epidemiology of Obstetrics

Maternal Mortality

Miscellaneous Topics during Antepartum and Intrapartum Period

Immunization in Pregnancy

Nutrition in Pregnancy

Labor Analgesia

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Pharmacotherapeutics in Obstetrics

Drugs in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Disease of the Fetus and Newborn

Neonatal Resuscitation

Miscellaneous Topics of Obstetrics

Role of Genetics in Obstetric Practice

GYNECOLOGY CASE DISCUSSION

Primary Amenorrhea

Secondary Amenorrhea

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Fibroid uterus

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Endometriosis

Adenomyosis

Infertility

Carcinoma Cervix

Endometrial Carcinoma

Carcinoma Ovary

OBSTETRICS CASE DISCUSSIONS

Antepartum Hemorrhage

Rh Negative Pregnancy

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss – I

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss – II

Twin Pregnancy

Fetal Growth Restriction

Hypertension in Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy

Anemia in Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Cephalopelvic Disproportion

Previous Cesarean Section

Breech Presentation

Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Scope of OBGYN after PG

  • Maternal-fetal medicine specialists

High-risk pregnancies are managed by specialists in maternal-fetal medicine. They focus on the woman and baby’s health and may also manage challenging or high-risk deliveries like breech delivery.

  • Reproductive endocrinologists

They are infertility specialists. They identify infertility issues and create treatment strategies. Several provide In-Vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatments.

  • Gynecologic oncologists

A doctor who focuses on treating cancer is known as an oncologist in medicine. Ovarian and cervical cancer are two examples of the cancers that gynecological oncologists treat.

  • Female pelvic specialists

Specialists in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery concentrate on diseases and injuries of the pelvic floor and adjacent structures. They could conduct surgery to fix prolapsed pelvic organs, address incontinence, or offer pelvic floor physical therapy.

 

FAQs       

Q1. Who is an obstetrician-gynecologist?

Ans. An obstetrician-gynecologist is an expert in pregnancy and childbirth as well as female reproductive health. Some provide a broad range of general medical treatments, much like a primary care physician while some concentrate on the treatment of the female reproductive system.

Q2. Can a gynecologist deliver babies?

Ans. A gynecologist is an expert in the female reproductive system; he/she does not treat pregnant patients or assist in childbirth, instead, an obstetrician delivers babies. These two branches of medicine are frequently combined by students.

Q3. Can a male be a gynecologist?

Ans. Yes, many renowned gynecologists in the country and even across the world are male.

Q4. How many years does it take to become a gynecologist?

Ans. It takes around 7.5-8 years to become a gynecologist including 5.5 yrs of MBBS and 2 yrs of MD.

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