Important Topics of OBGYN in MBBS

Topics of OBGYN in MBBS

Important Topics of OBGYN in MBBS

September 8, 2023

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) is a branch of medicine that deals with the health of women, including the reproductive system, pregnancy, and childbirth. OBGYN is a compulsory clinical subject in the MBBS curriculum. Being an MBBS student, you will get hands-on experience in OBGYN during clinical rotations. You will observe and assist doctors in delivering babies, performing surgeries, and treating gynecological conditions. OBGYN is a challenging but rewarding field of medicine.

MBBS Prof Exam Pattern

The OBGYN Prof exam comprises two theory papers of 100 marks each and a practical examination of 200 marks. The theory exam consists of short-answer questions, long-answer questions, case-based questions, and objective-type questions. The practical examination includes clinical examination and viva.

Recommended books for Obstetrics and Gynecology

The most preferred books for studying OBGYN in MBBS are DC Dutta’s Textbook of Obstetrics (Including Perinatology and Contraception), DC Dutta’s Textbook of Gynecology, Shaw’s Textbook of Gynecology, Self-Assessment and Review Gynecology, Self-Assessment and Review Obstetrics, Bedside Clinics in Gynecology, and Ward Rounds in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Subject weightage in NEET-PG and INI-CET

Concentrate on early preparation for both professional exams and competitive exams, especially if you want to pursue postgraduate studies. The subject weightage of Obstetrics and Gynecology in NEET-PG is about 25–30 questions and about 15-20 questions in INI-CET. The subject weightage clearly shows the importance of the subject in both NEET-PG and INI-CET. Try not to miss any high-yielding topics in obstetrics and Gynecology.

High-yielding topics are a crucial component of a productive study plan that will improve your test-taking efficiency. You must carefully schedule your study sessions, giving priority to time management, the course’s high-yielding topics, and, most importantly, your health.

Important and High-Yielding Topics of OBGYN for MBBS Prof Exams, NEET-PG, and INI-CET

Carcinoma Cervix

Aetiology and Staging of Carcinoma Endometrium

Postmenopausal Bleeding in Diabetics and Hypertensives


Endometrial Ablation


Letrozole and Metformin Pharmacology

Ovulation Induction

Carcinoma Ovary Staging

Germ cell tumors, especially Dermoid and Dysgerminomas


Raloxofene and Bisphosphonates

HRT Indications and Contraindications

Testicular Feminization Syndrome

Treatment of CAH

Turners Syndrome

Klinefelter’s Syndrome

Antepartum and Intrapartum Surveillance


Biophysical profile and dynamics of amniotic fluid

Doppler of the Uterine Artery

Ductus venosus ‘M’ wave pattern

Malpresentation and Malposition

Placenta-accrete case

Management of PPH

Blood Component Therapy

Management of Shoulder Dystocia

Stages of labour

Ectopic Pregnancy

Molar Pregnancy

Cell-free DNA

Preterm Labour


Sterilisation Surgeries

COVID Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Cesarean section of childbirth

Ultrasound in Pregnancy

Diabetic Mother


Ca Cervix

Ovarian Cancer

Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding

Uterine Prolapse


Postmenopausal Bleeding

Contraception, especially Oral Contraceptive Pills


Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Important Topics in OBGYN for the Practical Examination

OBGYN is a vast but rewarding clinical subject, and hence, it is highly crucial to learn and excel in the practical curriculum as well. During MBBS, you learn about the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system, as well as the diagnosis of common gynecological and obstetrical conditions. You also gain experience performing pelvic exams and other diagnostic procedures. To score well in MBBS practical exams, you should be familiar with the basic principles and procedures of OBGYN and be able to perform the essential clinical skills.

Some of the important topics for the OBGYN practical exam include:

Common Surgical Instruments

Pelvic Examination

History-taking and Clinical assessment of common OBGYN conditions

Bimanual Examination

Vaginal Ultrasound

Speculum Examination

Pap Smear: Cervical Cytology

Breast Examination



Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Normal Labor and Delivery

Postpartum Care

Gynecological Surgery Procedures

Here are some additional tips for preparing for the MBBS practical exams in OBGYN:

  • Practice performing the pelvic examination and other clinical skills on mannequins or other simulated patients.
  • Read textbooks, review articles, and case studies on OBGYN.
  • Attend lectures and tutorials on OBGYN procedures and examinations.
  • Shadow an OBGYN physician to get hands-on experience.
  • Take practice exams to assess your knowledge and skills.

By following these tips, you can be well-prepared for the MBBS practical exams in OBGYN.

To ace your examinations and escalate your learning, you can enroll in the OBGYN for Undergrads course by Dr. K. Srinivas. The content and video lectures in the course are aligned with the CBME curriculum and also incorporate knowledge from the various standard textbooks. This comprehensive course is well integrated with knowledge of clinical obstetrics and gynecological examinations, case discussions, and highly illustrative clinical and radiological images. This course by the eminent faculty provides access to video lectures, notes, self-assessment questions, and clinical cases.

Case discussions and Qbanks of Obstetrics and Gynecology acquaint the students with the commonly asked questions during the practical exam and viva voce. Hence, this course is ideal for OBGYN students to excel in Obstetrics and Gynecology subject and to eventually score high in MBBS theory exams, practical exams, viva voce, and competitive entrance exams.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q1. What is the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician?

Ans. An obstetrician is a doctor who specializes in the care of women and their babies during pregnancy and childbirth whereas a Gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders.

Q2. What are the high-yield topics in obstetrics and gynecology?

Ans. The high-yield topics in obstetrics and gynecology are Endometriosis, Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases, Stress Urinary Incontinence,

Postmenopausal bleeding in diabetics and hypertensives, Hysteroscopy, Endometrial Ablation, PCOS, Letrozole and metformin pharmacology, Antepartum and intrapartum surveillance, Malpresentation and malposition, Management of PPH, Blood component therapy, Management of Shoulder Dystocia and more.

Q3. Which book is best for OBG MBBS?

Ans. The most preferred books for studying OBGYN in MBBS are DC Dutta’s Textbook of Obstetrics (Including Perinatology and Contraception), DC Dutta’s Textbook of Gynecology, Shaw’s Textbook of Gynecology, Self-Assessment and Review Gynecology, Self-Assessment and Review Obstetrics, Bedside Clinics in Gynecology, and Ward Rounds in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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