Important Topics for Pediatrics in MBBS

Explore
Important Topics for Pediatrics in MBBS_

Important Topics for Pediatrics in MBBS

June 14, 2023
2,007 Views
1

Pediatrics is a broad discipline that covers the medical treatment, well-being, and growth of children, making it a vital subject and specialization in the medical field.

A Pediatrician’s duties include preserving children’s physical, mental, and emotional health at all stages of development in addition to treating children who are acutely or chronically ill. Their health and developmental milestones, common ailments and their treatments, immunizations, nutrition, behavioral problems, and many other topics are covered in the Pediatrics course in MBBS.

Studying pediatrics goes hand-in-hand with gaining experience in managing youngsters, as they can’t express their problems or communicate effectively. It is a great duty to understand and deal with newborns and children as well as to counsel their parents. Being in the collaborative field of pediatrics necessitates extensive knowledge of the subject, a great degree of patience, and exceptional communication abilities.

MBBS Prof Exam Pattern

The MBBS Prof exam pattern is a bit different after the introduction of the CBME pattern. In the Pediatrics subject, the prof exam comprises 200 marks wherein 100 marks are for the theory examination and 100 marks for the practical examination. The theoretical examination comprises long answer questions, short answer questions, and multiple-choice questions whereas the practical examination includes the clinical examination and viva. You must obtain a minimum of 50% marks in theory and practical to pass the university exams.

Important Topics of Pediatrics for Prof Exams, NEET-PG, and INI-CET Entrance Examination

If you want to excel in the MBBS and pursue postgraduate study, concentrate on early preparation for both professional exams and competitive entrance exams. The two main entrance examinations in India nowadays are NEET-PG/NExT and INI-CET. Pediatrics has a subject weightage of about 10-15 questions in both the INI-CET and NEET PG entrance exams.

High-yielding topics are a crucial component of a productive study plan that will improve your test-taking efficiency. You must carefully schedule your study sessions, giving priority to time management, course-specific high-yield topics, and, most importantly, your health.

Recommended books for Pediatrics include Piyush Gupta’s UG Textbook of Pediatrics, Ghai Essential Pediatrics, Review of Pediatrics & Neonatology, and Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates: Pediatrics.

To score high in the examinations may it be prof exams or competitive entrance exams, it is highly recommended to have a good grasp over the important and high-yielding topics.

List of high-yielding topics of Pediatrics for NEET-PG, INI-CET, and MBBS Prof exams:

Growth in Children

Iodine Deficiency Disorder

Severe Acute Malnutrition

Moderate Acute Malnutrition

Breast Milk and Breastfeeding Practices

Vitamin A, E, K, B, and C

Vaccine and Vaccination Schedule-Part-1 and 2

Epiglottis and Croup

The Normal Newborn-1 and 2

Nephrotic Syndrome and Acute Kidney Injury

Cerebral Palsy

Global developmental delay

Complications of pneumonia

Etiology, clinical features, and management of pyogenic meningitis

Cerebral malaria

MR (measles) vaccine

Hypothyroidism

Breath-holding spell (Cyanotic spell)

DPT vaccine

Phototherapy

Clinical features of Vit. D deficiency

Steps of neonatal resuscitation

Diagnosis of Rheumatic Fever (Jone’s criteria)

Diagnostic and clinical features of Rheumatic fever and its management

Adolescent vaccination

Febrile seizure

Clinical features and management of Nephrotic syndrome

BCG vaccine

Complications of a premature baby

Positioning and attachment in breastfeeding

Enuresis

Fluid therapy with severe dehydration

Approach to a Child with Hematuria

Management of Pulmonary T.B.

Down’s syndrome

Clinical features, differential diagnosis, complications, and management of tubercular meningitis in children

Measles rash and its differential diagnosis

Assessment of hydration status

V.S.D. (Ventricular Septal Defect)

Hepatitis B vaccine

Dietary therapy in protein energy malnutrition

Management of status asthmaticus

Diagnosis and management of community-acquired pneumonia

Define, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of neonatal sepsis

A developmental milestone in 1yr old child and growth parameters of 1yr old child

Complimentary feeding

Differential diagnosis of acute convulsion

Diagnosis of typhoid fever

ARI (Acute Respiratory Infection) control program

Iron deficiency anemia in children

Complications of low birth weight in baby

Sepsis screening in newborn

Accidental kerosene ingestion

Low osmolarity ORS

Immunization schedule

Primary complex

Minimal change nephrotic syndrome

Croup syndrome

Prevention of diphtheria

Care of newborn, delivered through meconium-stained amniotic fluid, immediately after birth

Diagnosis of pathological jaundice in newborns

Differential diagnosis of the first episode of generalized confusion in a 2yr old child

Clinical diagnosis of cardiac failure in infants

Diagnosis and initial management of shock

Autosomal recessive disorders

Principles of counseling

Tuberculosis

Management of severe dehydration

Revised National TB Control program

Investigations of Urinary tract infection

Hypothermia prevention in newborn

Etiology and management of Congestive heart failure

Megaloblastic anemia

Treatment of Kala Azar

Management of dengue hemorrhagic fever

Secondary prophylaxis of rheumatic fever

Gross motor milestone at 1yr of age

Management of kangaroo mother care

Management of anoxic spell in Fallot’s tetralogy

Severe dehydration

Management and differential diagnosis of hepatosplenomegaly with anemia

Advantages of breastfeeding

Oral Rehydration Therapy

Diagnosis and management of a child with 1st episode of nephrotic syndrome

Stepwise management of acute diarrhea

Common Problems of adolescent boys

Signs of dehydration and management

Motor reflex and its implication

Rotavirus vaccine (type, route, dosage, schedule)

Routine newborn care

Vaccine schedule

Enumerate Apgar score

Breastfeeding recommendations from birth and its advantages

Clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of rickets

Pica

Treatment of acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma

Physiological jaundice in newborn

Feeding recommendation up to 1yr agea

MMR vaccine

Apnoea of prematurity

Dengue fever with a warning sign

AFP surveillance

Combination vaccine

Laws of growth

Gestational age assessment in Newborn

L-R shunt

Pulse polio immunization (program)

Complications of diphtheria

Components of IMNCI

Management and complications of Nephritic syndrome

Laboratory diagnosis for enteric fever

Management of severe protein energy malnutrition

Management of acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration

Management of Cyanotic Congenital Heart disease

Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia (unconjugated)

Cretinism

Neonatal seizures

Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn

Don’t skip over these crucial topics if you want to perform well in examinations. Undoubtedly, every one of us learns distinctively, but DigiNerve has got you covered in every situation. Pediatrics for Undergrads by Dr. Santosh T. Soans and Dr. Soundarya Mahalingam is one of the best online pediatrics courses available especially if you prefer audio-visual learning. This online pediatrics course includes highly illustrative video lectures, case studies, self-assessment questions, and notes. The lectures use the new CBME methodology to promote conceptual clarity while achieving excellent grades in the examinations.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What are the major topics of pediatrics?

Ans. Growth in Children, Iodine Deficiency Disorder, Severe acute malnutrition, Moderate Acute Malnutrition, Breast Milk and Breastfeeding Practices, Vitamin A, B, E, K, and C, Vaccine and Vaccination Schedule-Part-1 and 2, Epiglottis and Croup, The Normal Newborn-1 and 2, Nephrotic Syndrome and Acute Kidney Injury, Cerebral Palsy, Global developmental delay and Complications of pneumonia are some of the important topics of Pediatrics in MBBS.

Q2. How much is the subject weightage of Pediatrics in the NEET-PG and INI-CET exams?

Ans. The subject Pediatrics has a subject weightage of about 10-15 questions in both the INI-CET and NEET PG entrance exams.

Q3. How to learn Pediatrics for MBBS online?

Ans. Pediatrics for Undergrads by Dr. Santosh T. Soans and Dr. Soundarya Mahalingam is one of the best online pediatrics courses available especially if you prefer audio-visual learning. This online pediatrics course includes highly illustrative video lectures, case studies, self-assessment questions, and notes. The lectures use the new CBME methodology to promote conceptual clarity while achieving excellent grades in the examinations.

Q4. Which is the best book for Pediatrics for MBBS students?

Ans. Piyush Gupta’s UG Textbook of Pediatrics, Ghai Essential Pediatrics, Review of Pediatrics & Neonatology, and Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates: Pediatrics are among the best books for Pediatrics.

Related Courses