Important Topics for Pediatrics in MBBS
Pediatrics is a broad discipline that covers the medical treatment, well-being, and growth of children, making it a vital subject and specialization in the medical field.
A Pediatrician’s duties include preserving children’s physical, mental, and emotional health at all stages of development in addition to treating children who are acutely or chronically ill. Their health and developmental milestones, common ailments and their treatments, immunizations, nutrition, behavioral problems, and many other topics are covered in the Pediatrics course in MBBS.
Studying pediatrics goes hand-in-hand with gaining experience in managing youngsters, as they can’t express their problems or communicate effectively. It is a great duty to understand and deal with newborns and children as well as to counsel their parents. Being in the collaborative field of pediatrics necessitates extensive knowledge of the subject, a great degree of patience, and exceptional communication abilities.
MBBS Prof Exam Pattern
The MBBS Prof exam pattern is a bit different after the introduction of the CBME pattern. In the Pediatrics subject, the prof exam comprises 200 marks wherein 100 marks are for the theory examination and 100 marks for the practical examination. The theoretical examination comprises long answer questions, short answer questions, and multiple-choice questions whereas the practical examination includes the clinical examination and viva. You must obtain a minimum of 50% marks in theory and practical to pass the university exams.
Important Topics of Pediatrics for Prof Exams, NEET-PG, and INI-CET Entrance Examination
If you want to excel in the MBBS and pursue postgraduate study, concentrate on early preparation for both professional exams and competitive entrance exams. The two main entrance examinations in India nowadays are NEET-PG/NExT and INI-CET. Pediatrics has a subject weightage of about 10-15 questions in both the INI-CET and NEET PG entrance exams.
High-yielding topics are a crucial component of a productive study plan that will improve your test-taking efficiency. You must carefully schedule your study sessions, giving priority to time management, course-specific high-yield topics, and, most importantly, your health.
Recommended books for Pediatrics include Piyush Gupta’s UG Textbook of Pediatrics, Ghai Essential Pediatrics, Review of Pediatrics & Neonatology, and Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates: Pediatrics.
To score high in the examinations may it be prof exams or competitive entrance exams, it is highly recommended to have a good grasp over the important and high-yielding topics.
List of high-yielding topics of Pediatrics for NEET-PG, INI-CET, and MBBS Prof exams:
Growth in Children
Iodine Deficiency Disorder
Severe Acute Malnutrition
Moderate Acute Malnutrition
Breast Milk and Breastfeeding Practices
Vitamin A, E, K, B, and C
Vaccine and Vaccination Schedule-Part-1 and 2
Epiglottis and Croup
The Normal Newborn-1 and 2
Nephrotic Syndrome and Acute Kidney Injury
Global developmental delay
Complications of pneumonia
Etiology, clinical features, and management of pyogenic meningitis
MR (measles) vaccine
Breath-holding spell (Cyanotic spell)
Clinical features of Vit. D deficiency
Steps of neonatal resuscitation
Diagnosis of Rheumatic Fever (Jone’s criteria)
Diagnostic and clinical features of Rheumatic fever and its management
Clinical features and management of Nephrotic syndrome
Complications of a premature baby
Positioning and attachment in breastfeeding
Fluid therapy with severe dehydration
Approach to a Child with Hematuria
Management of Pulmonary T.B.
Clinical features, differential diagnosis, complications, and management of tubercular meningitis in children
Measles rash and its differential diagnosis
Assessment of hydration status
V.S.D. (Ventricular Septal Defect)
Hepatitis B vaccine
Dietary therapy in protein energy malnutrition
Management of status asthmaticus
Diagnosis and management of community-acquired pneumonia
Define, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of neonatal sepsis
A developmental milestone in 1yr old child and growth parameters of 1yr old child
Differential diagnosis of acute convulsion
Diagnosis of typhoid fever
ARI (Acute Respiratory Infection) control program
Iron deficiency anemia in children
Complications of low birth weight in baby
Sepsis screening in newborn
Accidental kerosene ingestion
Low osmolarity ORS
Minimal change nephrotic syndrome
Prevention of diphtheria
Care of newborn, delivered through meconium-stained amniotic fluid, immediately after birth
Diagnosis of pathological jaundice in newborns
Differential diagnosis of the first episode of generalized confusion in a 2yr old child
Clinical diagnosis of cardiac failure in infants
Diagnosis and initial management of shock
Autosomal recessive disorders
Principles of counseling
Management of severe dehydration
Revised National TB Control program
Investigations of Urinary tract infection
Hypothermia prevention in newborn
Etiology and management of Congestive heart failure
Treatment of Kala Azar
Management of dengue hemorrhagic fever
Secondary prophylaxis of rheumatic fever
Gross motor milestone at 1yr of age
Management of kangaroo mother care
Management of anoxic spell in Fallot’s tetralogy
Management and differential diagnosis of hepatosplenomegaly with anemia
Advantages of breastfeeding
Oral Rehydration Therapy
Diagnosis and management of a child with 1st episode of nephrotic syndrome
Stepwise management of acute diarrhea
Common Problems of adolescent boys
Signs of dehydration and management
Motor reflex and its implication
Rotavirus vaccine (type, route, dosage, schedule)
Routine newborn care
Enumerate Apgar score
Breastfeeding recommendations from birth and its advantages
Clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of rickets
Treatment of acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma
Physiological jaundice in newborn
Feeding recommendation up to 1yr agea
Apnoea of prematurity
Dengue fever with a warning sign
Laws of growth
Gestational age assessment in Newborn
Pulse polio immunization (program)
Complications of diphtheria
Components of IMNCI
Management and complications of Nephritic syndrome
Laboratory diagnosis for enteric fever
Management of severe protein energy malnutrition
Management of acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration
Management of Cyanotic Congenital Heart disease
Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia (unconjugated)
Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn
Don’t skip over these crucial topics if you want to perform well in examinations. Undoubtedly, every one of us learns distinctively, but DigiNerve has got you covered in every situation. Pediatrics for Undergrads by Dr. Santosh T. Soans and Dr. Soundarya Mahalingam is one of the best online pediatrics courses available especially if you prefer audio-visual learning. This online pediatrics course includes highly illustrative video lectures, case studies, self-assessment questions, and notes. The lectures use the new CBME methodology to promote conceptual clarity while achieving excellent grades in the examinations.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. What are the major topics of pediatrics?
Ans. Growth in Children, Iodine Deficiency Disorder, Severe acute malnutrition, Moderate Acute Malnutrition, Breast Milk and Breastfeeding Practices, Vitamin A, B, E, K, and C, Vaccine and Vaccination Schedule-Part-1 and 2, Epiglottis and Croup, The Normal Newborn-1 and 2, Nephrotic Syndrome and Acute Kidney Injury, Cerebral Palsy, Global developmental delay and Complications of pneumonia are some of the important topics of Pediatrics in MBBS.
Q2. How much is the subject weightage of Pediatrics in the NEET-PG and INI-CET exams?
Ans. The subject Pediatrics has a subject weightage of about 10-15 questions in both the INI-CET and NEET PG entrance exams.
Q3. How to learn Pediatrics for MBBS online?
Ans. Pediatrics for Undergrads by Dr. Santosh T. Soans and Dr. Soundarya Mahalingam is one of the best online pediatrics courses available especially if you prefer audio-visual learning. This online pediatrics course includes highly illustrative video lectures, case studies, self-assessment questions, and notes. The lectures use the new CBME methodology to promote conceptual clarity while achieving excellent grades in the examinations.
Q4. Which is the best book for Pediatrics for MBBS students?
Ans. Piyush Gupta’s UG Textbook of Pediatrics, Ghai Essential Pediatrics, Review of Pediatrics & Neonatology, and Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates: Pediatrics are among the best books for Pediatrics.