Medicine in MBBS

Important Topics of Medicine in MBBS

Important Topics of Medicine in MBBS

March 27, 2023

Medicine in its entirety is one full course, with an enormous amount of information and a lot of studying involved. The subject has everything inculcated into it, right from the pathogenesis of a disease, involving physiology, pathology, microbiology, and anatomy, to the management and treatment involving biochemistry and pharmacology. Hence, if your first three years in college have been academically well and you have got your concepts clear, then you will face least pressure when you study medicine.

MBBS Prof Exam Pattern

According to the current CBME curriculum, the MBBS prof exam for the General Medicine subject consists of two theoretical exams for 100 marks each, and the practical examination (Practical/Clinical + Viva) of 200 marks. The theoretical exam has a variety of question types, such as structured essays (long answer questions, or LAQ), short response questions, and objective questions (MCQs and IBQs).

Along with the core medicine, the prof examination will also include questions covering allied subjects, psychiatry and dermatology.

Important Topics of Medicine for MBBS Prof Exams, NEET-PG, and INI-CET Entrance Examination

Focus on early preparation for both professional examinations and competitive entrance exams if you intend to pursue postgraduate studies. NEET-PG/NExT and INI-CET are now India’s two top entrance exams. The subject weightage of Medicine and its allied courses is about 35 questions each in the INI-CET and NEET PG entrance examinations.

High-yielding topics are an essential part of a successful study strategy that will boost your test-taking performance. You must plan study sessions carefully, placing an emphasis on time management, high-yielding topics from each course, and, most importantly, health.

Here’s a list of high-yielding topics of Medicine for NEET-PG, INI-CET, and MBBS Prof exams:


  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Immune thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Management of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Clinical features and management of Polycythemia rubra vera
  • Thrombocytopenia


  • Clinical features and management of Leptospirosis
  • Brucellosis
  • Pathogenesis and diagnosis of Rabies along with clinical features and prophylaxis
  • Clinical features and management of Scrub Typhus and the neurological manifestations of scrub typhus
  • Gonorrhea
  • Elephantiasis
  • Dengue fever, Investigations, and management
  • Antiretroviral Drugs, HIV and TB, PEP for HIV
  • DOTS
  • Bird flu
  • Complications of Ascariasis
  • Treatment of Falciparum malaria
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Ebola virus disease
  • Clinical Features and treatment of Typhoid
  • Opportunistic infections in AIDS
  • Lab diagnosis of HIV
  • Complications of malaria
  • Anaerobic infections
  • MDR TB
  • AIDS defining illness
  • H1N1 diseases
  • COVID 19 Disease


  • Etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of Infective endocarditis
  • Etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of Congestive heart failure
  • Etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Common causes of Atrial fibrillation
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Clinical features, investigations, and management of Myocardial infarction
  • Management of MI at a PHC
  • Clinical features of Constrictive pericarditis & its management
  • Causes, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, investigations, complications, and treatment of Acute left heart failure (Pulmonary edema)


  • Investigations and management of Pulmonary embolism
  • Respiratory failure: types and causes
  • Pathology and clinical features of Carcinoma lung
  • Paraneoplastic manifestations of carcinoma lung
  • Nosocomial pneumonia
  • Etiology, c/f, investigations, and treatment of Community acquired pneumonia
  • Factors precipitating Bronchial Asthma
  • Lung abscess
  • Etiology, pathogenesis, CF & management of Bronchial carcinoma
  • Pneumothorax
  • Acute severe asthma


  • Investigations and management of Renal artery stenosis
  • Assessment of Kidney diseases
  • Pathophysiology and investigations of Acute Kidney Injury
  • Adult dominant polycystic kidney diseases
  • Nephrotic syndrome-Etiopathogenesis, C/F, investigations, & management
  • Etiology, Pathogenesis, clinical features, & management of acute tubular necrosis
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Acute renal failure
  • Haemo-dialysis
  • Acute pyelonephritis
  • Chronic renal failure
  • CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis)


  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Management of H. Pylori and peptic ulcer
  • Portal Hypertension
  • Coeliac disease
  • Complication of cirrhosis
  • Diagnosis and management of Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Budd-Chiaris’ syndrome
  • Traveler’s diarrhea
  • Pathogenesis and management of Cirrhotic ascites
  • Management of a case of hematemesis due to acute variceal bleed
  • Clinical features, investigations & differential diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis
  • Causes of Upper GI bleed
  • Investigations & management of tubercular ascites
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
  • IBD
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Amoebic liver abscess
  • Abdominal TB
  • Fatty liver
  • NAFLD (Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease)
  • Chronic Hepatitis B


  • Clinical features, investigations, & management of Rheumatoid arthritis along with extra articular manifestations of R
  • Diagnosis of SLE
  • Clinical features, diagnosis & management of Myasthenia gravis
  • Clinical features and lab finding of Ankylosing spondylitis
  • List of common vasculitis disorders.
  • Describe clinical manifestations and treatment of Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegner’s Granulomatosis)
  • Scleroderma
  • Cutaneous manifestations of SLE


  • Thyrotoxic crisis
  • Clinical features of Adrenal insufficiency & its management
  • Differentiate Hypoglycemic coma from Diabetic coma
  • Addison’s disease
  • Graves’ disease
  • Diagnosis and management of Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Myxedema coma
  • Prolactinoma
  • Complications of diabetes
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Acromegaly
  • Differentiate b/w hyper and hypo glycemic coma
  • Diagnosis of Metabolic syndrome
  • Rickets
  • Hypothyroidism: CF, Investigations, and management
  • Thyroid storm management


  • Wernicke’s encephalopathy
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage & its management
  • Differentiate Tubercular from Pyogenic meningitis
  • Infective polyneuritis
  • Acute mountain sickness
  • C/F, diagnosis, and management of Ischemic stroke
  • Management of Status epilepticus
  • Guillain- Barre syndrome
  • Facial palsy
  • Meningitis: Tubercular and Pyogenic
  • Drugs used for decongestion of brain cell edema
  • C/F of cerebellar disorders
  • C/F and causes of peripheral neuropathy
  • Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage
  • Anti-epileptic drugs, types of epilepsy & management of epilepsy
  • Classification of cerebrovascular accidents, their Causes and Management


  • Ethylene glycol poisoning
  • Management of insecticide poisoning
  • Diagnosis and management of Organophosphate poisoning
  • Treatment of aluminium phosphide poisoning
  • Agents causing Methemoglobinemia and their management
  • Barbiturate poisoning
  • Snake Bite


  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency
  • Schilling test
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Vitamin D
  • Nutritional deficiencies causing polyneuropathy
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Metabolic acidosis

DERMATOLOGY [ Subject carries total 15 marks in university exams]

  • Genital herpes simplex
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis
  • Alopecia
  • Psoriasis and its treatment
  • Scabies
  • Atopic eczema
  • Drug Eruptions
  • Lepra reactions
  • Photosensitivity
  • DDs of bullous lesions
  • Sexually transmitted viral infections
  • Angioedema
  • Treatment of Acne vulgaris
  • Urticaria
  • Deep folliculitis and cellulitis
  • Mucocutaneous manifestations of SLE
  • Erythema multiforme
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Lichen planus
  • Tinea infections
  • Secondary syphilis

PSYCHIATRY [Subject carries total 15 marks in university exam]

  • Somatoform disorders
  • Neuropsychiatric manifestations of chronic alcoholism
  • Antidepressant drugs
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Bipolar disorder and its treatment
  • Substance abuse & Substance misuse disorder
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Factitious disorders and Malingering
  • Anti-Psychotic disorders
  • Acute dependence
  • Medically unexplained somatic symptoms
  • Effects of alcohol on CNS
  • Dissociative disorders
  • OCD
  • Diagnosis and Management of Schizophrenia
  • PTSD
  • Delirium
  • Diagnosis of depression and Depressive disorders
  • Acute cocaine intoxication and complications
  • Cannabis misuse
  • Sedative misuse
  • Phobic disorders


  • Fever with Lymphadenopathy
  • Fever with Splenomegaly
  • Fever with Thrombocytopenia
  • Clubbing
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Patterns of inheritance of genetic disorders
  • Genetic counselling: it’s indications and principles
  • Gene therapy
  • X-linked diseases
  • Malignant Hypertension
  • PCR
  • Methods of genetic testing
  • Methotrexate

All the above mentioned are the most important topics for the medicine exam, that you cannot afford to miss for your university examinations.

Medicine for Undergrads is one of the best online medicine courses, designed by Dr. Archith Boloor, one of the most renowned professors in the medical field. Because of his distinctive approach to idea simplification, his publications “Exam Preparation Manual for Undergraduates: Medicine” and “An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Medicine” have already earned a vital position on the shelves of the majority of medical undergraduates. Recent revisions to the CBME curriculum have emphasized the integration of all courses as well as the improvement of students’ procedural abilities. In CBME, case-based learning has been the primary focus, and even the exam question format is case-based. This unique method of learning the material has been effectively incorporated into the course video lectures. This course will aid the students in strengthening their understanding of the following:

  • reviewing the patient’s medical history
  • performing a clinical examination
  • comprehending the treatment strategy for various diseases

In order to contribute to the learning outcomes of this course, the theoretical principles pertinent to varied circumstances are presented systematically together with important case discussions. A separate section has been devoted to the discussion of the fundamentals of system-wise examination since case taking and clinical examination constitute the cornerstones of clinical practice.

In order to make the procedure easier for the students, case sheets and diagnosis forms are presented with examples. Using case studies and identification points for numerous disorders that may be examined, the fundamentals of ECG and X-rays have been clearly taught. For the purpose of preparing the students for the NEET-PG, INI-CET, PLAB, or any other post-graduate exam, the lectures will aid in anchoring high-yield topics by comprehending them at their core.

Click here to know the Important topics of Surgery in MBBS.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

  1. Which is the best Indian Author book for studying medicine?

Ans: An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Medicine by Archith Boloor & Anudeep Padakanti, Exam preparatory manual for Undergraduates: Medicine by Archith Boloor and Ramadas Nayak are among the best Indian author books for studying medicine.

  1. Where can I find an affordable yet comprehensive online course for medicine?

Ans: The best medicine course online 2023, which is knowledgeable, clinically up to date, and still very affordable Dr. Archith Boloor’ Medicine for UnderGrads course.

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