The goal of the PG in Obstetrics and Gynecology programme is to standardise the teaching of obstetrics and gynecology at the postgraduate level to benefit from achieving consistency in undergraduate instruction and, ultimately, produce competent obstetricians and gynecologists with the necessary expertise.

Here’s a list of important topics in Obstetrics and Gynecology:


  • Antepartum Hemorrhage
  • Rh-Negative Pregnancy
  • Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Definition, Types of RPL, Causes, Evaluation
  • Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Definition and Causes of RPL, Evaluation, Evidence-Based Management of RPL
  • Twin Pregnancy
  • Fetal Growth Restriction
  • Hypertension in Pregnancy
  • Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Anemia in Pregnancy
  • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
  • Cephalopelvic Disproportion
  • Previous Cesarean Section
  • Breech Presentation
  • Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia


  • Primary Amenorrhea
  • Secondary Amenorrhea
  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
  • Fibroid Uterus
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse
  • Endometriosis
  • Adenomyosis
  • Infertility
  • Carcinoma Cervix
  • Endometrial Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma Ovary

These are only a few of the crucial topics covered in MD/MS OBGYN. The specific important topics will change based on the patient’s requirements and the practise setting.

The following are the procedures and operations that an OBGYN student must observe and do during their PG training programme:

    1. Obstetrics:

  • Venesection
  • Culdocentesis
  • Conduct normal deliveries
  • Episiotomy and its repair
  • Application of forceps and ventouse
  • Carry out caesarean section delivery
  • Manual removal of placenta
  • Management of genital tract obstetrical injuries
  • Postpartum sterilization/Minilap tubal ligation
  • Medical termination of pregnancy-various methods

    2. Gynecology:

  • Endometrial/Cervical biopsy
  • Dilatation and Curettage
  • Culdocentesis
  • Colpotomy
  • Opening and closing of the abdomen
  • Operations for pelvic organ prolapse
  • Ovarian cyst operation
  • Operation for ectopic pregnancy
  • Vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy
  • Cervical cancer screening

MD/MS OBGYNs need to be knowledgeable in these subjects in addition to the fundamentals of physiology, pharmacology, and anatomy. Additionally, they must be competent to conduct a physical exam and interpret diagnostic testing.

MD/MS OBGYNs are essential to women’s and families’ health. Women receive treatment from them at all stages of life, including adolescence and after the menopause. MD/MS OBGYNs may give their patients the finest treatment possible by staying updated on the most recent medical advancements.

Before the completion of the postgraduation in Obstetrics and Gynecology, MD/MS OBGYN students and residents must be well-versed in the following skills:

  • Able to perform normal or abnormal pregnancy and manage labour.
  • Proper diagnosis and treatment of gynecological conditions in non-pregnant females.
  • Provide quality care to the community in the diagnosis and management of normal and abnormal pregnancy at all stages, may it be Pre-natal care, Intra-natal, and Post-natal.
  • Able to provide adequate care to the normal or high-risk neonate.
  • Examine and effectively manage all obstetric complications and gynecological emergencies.
  • Conduct a thorough assessment of infertile couples and possess a thorough understanding of assisted reproductive techniques/infertility techniques, such as ovulation induction, in-vitro fertilisation, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, gamete donation, surrogacy, related gynecological surgeries, and the moral and legal ramifications of these practises.
  • Offering advice for reproductive health and delivering fertility control techniques such as emergency contraception options, reversible and irreversible contraception, etc.
  • Provide women who are aborting naturally or who are seeking medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) quality treatment and handle any difficulties that may arise.
  • Should understand the principles and legal issues and follow medical ethics.
  • Aware of the relevant procedures and strategies to ensure confidentiality.
  • Able to interpret X-rays, sonographic pictures, and fetal surveillance methods.
  • Clinical quality management and improvement, the performance, interpretation, and implementation of clinical audit cycles, and the creation and utilisation of clinical standards, guidelines, and procedures.
  • The MTP Act, sterilisation, preconception, and P.N.D.T. Acts, in particular, should be known and properly used while practising obstetrics and gynecology.

To learn PG OBGYN at your own pace and supplement your college learning, you can subscribe to the OBGYN MD online course. The course is crafted by Dr. Aswath Kumar along with 98 eminent faculty. Dr. Kumar is a renowned practitioner, faculty, and author of the bestselling title – “Exploring New Horizons in Obstetrics and Gynecology” (What to do next after MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology?). In order to meet all of the students’ learning requirements, it promotes concept- and approach-based learning. Along with case discussions on common as well as rare patients in clinical practice, it covers significant obstetrics and gynecology topics.

The OBGYN MD course has been designed based on the past 20 years of question papers from various institutions around the nation, which PG students will find very beneficial as they get ready for their university exams. For students pursuing a master’s degree in obstetrics or gynecology, this course is among the best Obstetrics and Gynecology online courses.

The following are the course features of OBGYN MD:

  • OBGYN MCQs & Video Lectures
  • Lecture Notes
  • Clinical Case-Based Discussion
  • Benchmark Studies
  • Interactive Drug Formulary
  • Regular Chat Shows

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q1. What is the salary of an Obstetrician and Gynecologist in India?

Ans. During the initial years, the average salary of an Obstetrician and Gynecologist in India is around 12-15 lakhs annually. However, the salary increases with experience, and other factors also influence the salary package such as employment sector, geographical area, area of expertise, and more.

Q2. What are the job profiles associated with the OBGYN specialty?

Ans. The job profiles associated with the OBGYN specialty are Obstetrician, Gynecologist, Family Planning Consultant, Reproductive Medicine Specialist, Reproductive Endocrinologist, Gynecologist-Oncologist Specialist, Professor/Lecturer, Critical Care Expert, etc.

Q3. Which are the most recommended books for MD/MS OBGYN?

Ans. The recommended books for MD/MS OBGYN are FOGSI’s Postgraduate Obstetrics Textbook and FOGSI’s Postgraduate Gynecology Textbook, William Obstetrics, William’s Gynecology, DC Dutta’s Textbook of Obstetrics, DC Dutta’s Textbook of Gynecology, Bedside Clinics in Gynecology, and Case Discussions in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Q4. What is the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician?

Ans. In OBGYN, OB refers to Obstetrics or Obstetrician, a doctor who specializes in the care of women and their babies during pregnancy and childbirth. GYN stands for Gynecology or Gynecologist, a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders.

Q5. What are key areas to focus on for OBGYN residents?

Ans. The key areas to focus on for OBGYN residents are Antepartum Hemorrhage, Rh-Negative Pregnancy, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss, Twin Pregnancy, Fetal Growth Restriction, Hypertension in Pregnancy, Ectopic Pregnancy, Anemia in Pregnancy, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Primary Amenorrhea, Secondary Amenorrhea, Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Fibroid Uterus, and Pelvic Organ Prolapse.